Bài giảng môn Tiếng Anh - Unit 5: Language focus

An action happens in past but we don’t know the time

An action happens in the past but its result is still connected with present.

An action begins in the past and lasts to the present, even the future.

How long .?, Since when . ?

Just, already, ever, never, recently.

Yet, before, since then, so far = up to now.

Since + moác thôøi gian, for + khoaûng thôøi gian.

 

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Welcome to class 10A1Group 2	UNIT 4LANGUAGE FOCUS	Pronunciation	/ ɔ / 	Doctor 	Wrong	Job	Boss	Box	Top	Dog	Watch 	/ Ɔ : / CallSportFourWalkMoreTalk DaughterDoorCan they see?The blindCan they hear?The deaf	grammar1. The + ADJECTIVEThe + ADJECTIVE: It is used as a plural noun to say a group of peopleExample: the poor, the rich, the sick, the abandoned...He used to smoke2. USED TO S + used to + Vbare + ...Use: To express an action, a habit in the past and state. It has no present equivalentNegative form	S + didn’t + use to + Vbare + O + ...	Ex: My father didn’t use to do morning exerciseQuestion	Did + S + use to + Vbare + O + ... ?	Ex: Did you use to love him?warmuBe/Get + used to + VingUse: to express a present habit.Ex: - Mary is used to getting up early because she has periods at 7.15	 - He’ s used to taking care of him self3.WHICHHoa doesn’t get good mark. This is a pity.Hoa doesn’t get good mark, which is a pity.Use: as a connectorwarmuUnit 5Language focusParcel AParcel Ba booka boot [bu:t] [buk]/ u // u: /(short )(long )Try to guess : what are in these parcels.	Pronunciationschoolafternoontoothfruitfoodpull để, đặt, bỏ buổi chiều/ u / (short)/ u: / (long)footcookput fullGRAMMaR1. Present perfecta. FormS + have/has + p.p + O + ...b. Use: it is used to say: An action happens in past but we don’t know the timeAn action happens in the past but its result is still connected with present.An action begins in the past and lasts to the present, even the future.c. SignHow long ...?, Since when ... ?Just, already, ever, never, recently...Yet, before, since then, so far = up to now...Since + moác thôøi gian, for + khoaûng thôøi gian.They have visited this pagodaHe has missed lots of classed. He can’t do the testWe have lived in the house for 10 yearsd. Example2. Present perfect passiveFormActive: S + have/has + p.p + Ob. Example Some one has opened the doorS+ have/ has + been + p.p + (by O)PassiveThe doorhas been opened3. Relative pronoun 4. This is a second hand mobile phone. I bought it at 14 Le Duan Street. A football player is a person who/ that plays football.3. A USB is an electronic storage device. It can store large collections of data.1. A football player is a person . He plays football.2. She is a nurse. I met her yesterday She is a nurse whom I met yesterday. A USB is an electronic storage device which/ that can store large collections of data.This is a second hand mobile phone which/ that I bought at 14 Le Duan Street.	WHO for SO  S	WHOM for SO  O	WHICH for ST  S/OTHAT USE:NOTICE: THAT isn’t used in non-restrictive adjective clauses and after comma. Choose the correct answer A, B, C or D6. The window4. She.to Hanoi many times.2. I met the woman can speak six languages.3. A number of trees along the streetdown.1. Wethe sounds / u / and / u: / 5. She always asks me questions.are difficult to answer.B. learnedC. are learningA. has learnedD. have practisedA .whichD. whomB . whoC. whoseA. has been cutC. have been cutD. have been putB. has been putA. have been C. isD. has beenB. wasA. whoC. whichB. whoseD. whomC. has been brokenA. are brokenD. were brokenB. have been brokenUnit 6Language focus Look at the picturescameraspeakerspagodaumbrellashirtchurchbirdearthPRONUNCIATIONteachertogetheraboutumbrellacameraotherpagodatodayspeakertermshirtearlybirdworkchurch/ ə // 3: / S + will + Vbare S + be going to + Vbare S + be + V-ing - Mary will go to school tomorrow- John is going to go picnic next week..- It’s coming to the party tonight. S + will not + Vbare S + be not + going to + Vbare S + be not + V-ing- Mary won’t go to school tomorrow- John isn’t going to go picnic next week- It isn’t coming to the party tonight. Will + S + Vbare ? Be + S + going to + Vbare ? Be + S + V-ing - Will Mary go to school tomorrow?- Is John going to go picnic next week?- Is it coming to the party tonight?Will, Be going to vs Present ProgressiveWillWill is used when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking.	Ex: Hold on. I’ll get a pen.We often use Will with the verb to think at the time of speaking.	Ex: I think I’ll go to the gym tomorrow.	 I don’t think I’ll buy that car.Will is also used to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen	Ex: Look at the clouds! It will rainBe Going ToPrediction (guesses about the future) especially when there is evidence that something is just about to happen	Ex: Be careful! The glass is going to fall.	 It’s cloudy! I think it’s going to be rainWe also use it to show something has already planned or decided 	Ex: We’re going to buy a new car next year.	 I’m going to take English class next week.Predictions based on what we can see at the moment	Ex: Look at that clouds, it’s going to rain	 Watch out that car’s going to crash!- 	It’s used when you’re more certain that an event will happen because there’s evidence.	Ex: She’ s going to have a baby.Present progressiveTo indicate an event as an arrangement	Ex: I’m meeting Peter at the station	 He’s leaving tomorrow.To indicate an event will or will not happen in the near future as a plan 	Ex: I’m going to Helen’s party at 7p.m tomorrow.- 	It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not.	Ex: We’re taking a 3:00 flight to Chicago.Choose the best answer to complete each conversation.	2. A. I don’t need an umbrella. It’s not raining 	B. _________	a. But It’s raining this afternoon	b. But it’s going to rain this afternoon 3. A. Tomorrow election is going to be close.B. _________a. Yes, but I think Cole will winb. Yes, but I think Cole’s winning	1.A.________ B. I’m getting up early, packing a lunch, and taking a bus to the beach.	a. What are you doing now?	b. What are you going to do tomorrow?	 4.A. Next Monday is Jason’s birthday B.________	a. Yes, we’re going to have a party for her	b. Yes we will have a party for her 	5.A. This bow is very heavy. I can’t carry it any longer. 	 B. __________	a. Don’t worry. I’m going to carry it	b. I’ll carry it for you.Thanks forSee you next time!

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