Bài giảng môn Tiếng Anh - Unit 7: Economic reforms

 to eliminate (v):

 

 to restructure (v):

 

 to shift st from.to.(v):

 

 measure (n): = solution:

 

 investment (n)

 

 achievements (n):

 

 to initiate (v)

 

 

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WELCOME TO Mr Q's CLASS !HÀ HUY TẬP U.S.SPresented by: Đặng Hồng Quân_ELTUnit 7: economic reformsLesson 1 ReadingVIBefore Doi MoiSince Doi Moipicture 3picture 2picture 1picture 4Which pictures describe things before Doi Moi and things since Doi Moi in Vietnam?picture 5picture 6picture 7picture 8Before Doi MoiSince Doi Moipicture 3picture 4picture 1picture 2picture 5picture 6picture 7picture 8 to eliminate (v): to restructure (v): to shift st from...to...(v): measure (n): = solution: investment (n) achievements (n): to initiate (v)Vocabularylo¹i trõ, lo¹i bá c¬ cÊu l¹i, s¾p xÕp l¹ichuyÓn ®æi ...tõ ...sang....gi¶i ph¸p(sù) ®Çu t­những thµnh tùutriÓn khai, tiÕn hµnhActivity I: Match the Vietnamese meaning with the English words or phrases.National Congress 	Renovation 	Under-developed 	Dominate 	Stagnant 	Inflation 	 Government subsidies 	Dissolve Commitment 	Substantial 	 trì trệsự bao cấp của chính phủđổi mớikém phát triểngiải thểthống trịcam kếtĐại hôi toàn quốcquan trọng,chính yếu sự lạm phátActivity 2: Decide whether the folowing statements are true or falseEconomic reform is the most important measure to be taken to promote the development of a country.Doi Moi was initiated by the Vietnamese Government in 1986Before Doi Moi, inflation was present in all branches of the national economyTo make Doi Moi to be successful, the Government shifted only economic priority from heavy industry to three economic programsThe Land Law and the Enterprises Law have encouraged both domestic and foreign private investmentTFActivity 3: Answer the questions (pairwork)When and by whom was Doi Moi officially initiated?What was the aim of Doi Moi?How has Vietnam changed since Doi Moi?What do we believe?Details :-country and people: poor/ economy: under-developed, dominated by traditional agriculture/ shortage of schools and hospitals/workers:worked harder/children:enjoyed education and training/ farmers: enjoyed land rights/ productivity and agricultural exports:increased/ reduced state intervention in business/ opened trade relations with all countries in the world/ encouraged foreign and domestic private investment/ shifted economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programmes/ production: stagnant/ inflation: increase/ eliminated government subsidies/Vietnam before Doi Moi.Vietnam since Doi Moi.The Government’s renovation measureActivity 4: (Groupwork) Make brief notes of the following points, using the details below: Activity 4:Vietnam before Doi Moi.Vietnam since Doi Moi.The Government’s renovation measures- Economy: under-developed, dominated by traditional agriculture - Country and people: poor- Shortage of schools and hospitals,- Production: stagnant.-Inflation: increased- Eliminated government subsidies. - Shifted economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programmes.- Reduced state intervention in business. - Opened trade relations with all countries in the world. - Encouraged foreign and domestic private investment-Productivity and agricultural exports: increased.- Farmer: enjoyed land use rights- Workers: worked harder.-Children: enjoyed education and training.→ Learn new words→ Make a summary about Vietnam before Doi Moi and since Doi Moi.→ Prepare for the speaking lessonTHANK YOUParagragh 1: 	One of the most important measures to be taken to promote the development of a country is to constantly carry out economic reforms. Being aware of this, in December 1986, at its Sixth National Congress, the Vietnamese Communist Party initiated an overall economic reform, commonly known as “Doi Moi” (Renovation). The aim of Doi Moi was to restructure the economy of Vietnam and to raise the living standards of the people.Paragragh 2:	Before Doi Moi our country experienced a lot of difficulties: the economy was under-developed and was dominated by traditional agriculture; the country was poor, the people led a poor life, production was stagnant; there was a shortage of schools and hospitals, and inflation could be seen in every sector of the economy. To solve these problems, our Government introduced a number of renovation measures: they eliminated government subsidies; they shifted economic priority from heavy industry to three major economic programs, namely, production of food, production of consumer goods, and production of exports; they reduce state intervention in business; they open trade relations with all countries in the world and encouraged foreign and domestic private investment.Paragragh 3:	The subsequent National Congresses of the Vietnamese Communist Party held in 1991, 1996, and 2001 continued to reaffirm its commitment to Doi Moi, and called for more administrative and economic reforms. Under the party’s guidelines, the Government adopted the Land Law in 1993 and the Enterprises Law in 2000. These have laid legal grounds for dissolving inefficient co-operatives, expanding more opportunities for farmers, and encouraging both domestic and foreign investment.Paragragh 4:	Since Doi Moi, our country has undergone substantial changes: productivity and agricultural exports have constantly increased, the farmers have enjoyed land use rights and have had greater choice on how to use their agricultural land, the workers have worked harder as their time is their money, and the children, particularly those from ethnic minorities have had more opportunities to enjoy education and training.	We believe that with the strong commitment of our Party and Government to Doi Moi, we will gain greater achievement and build a better life for our people.51.When and by whom was Doi Moi officially initiated?In December 1986, by the Vietnamese Communist party.2. What was the aim of Doi Moi?	To restructure the economy of Vietnam and to raise the living standards of the people.3. How has Vietnam changed since Doi Moi?- Productivity and agricultural exports have constantly increased.- The farmers have enjoyed land use rights .- The workers have worked harder.- The children, particularly the ethnic minorities have had more opportunities to enjoy education and training. 4. What do we believe?-We will gain greater achievements and build a better life for our people.

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