Đề thi tuyển sinh cao đẳng năm 2008 môn Tiếng Anh khối D - Đề 794

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A, hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ1 đến 10.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American educational system was desperatelyin need of

reform. Private schools existed, but only for the very rich. There were very few public schools because of the

strong sentiment that children who would grow up to be laborers should not “waste”their time on education

but should instead prepare themselves for their life’s work. It was in the face of this public sentiment that

educational reformersset about their task. Horace Mann, probably the most famous of the reformers, felt that

there was no excuse in a republic for any citizento be uneducated. As Superintendent of Education in the state

of Massachusetts from 1837 to 1848, he initiated various changes, which were soon matched in other school

districts around the country. He extended the school year from five to six months and improved the quality of

teachers by instituting teacher education and raising teacher salaries. Although these changes did not bring

about a sudden improvement in the educational system, they at least increased publicawareness as to the need

for a further strengthening of the system.

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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO 
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC 
(Đề thi có 06 trang) 
ĐỀ THI TUYỂN SINH CAO ĐẲNG NĂM 2008 
Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH, khối D 
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút. 
 Mã đề thi 794 
Họ, tên thí sinh:.......................................................................... 
Số báo danh:............................................................................ 
ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ CÂU 1 ĐẾN CÂU 80) DÀNH CHO TẤT CẢ THÍ SINH. 
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A, hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 1 đến 10. 
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American educational system was desperately in need of 
reform. Private schools existed, but only for the very rich. There were very few public schools because of the 
strong sentiment that children who would grow up to be laborers should not “waste” their time on education 
but should instead prepare themselves for their life’s work. It was in the face of this public sentiment that 
educational reformers set about their task. Horace Mann, probably the most famous of the reformers, felt that 
there was no excuse in a republic for any citizen to be uneducated. As Superintendent of Education in the state 
of Massachusetts from 1837 to 1848, he initiated various changes, which were soon matched in other school 
districts around the country. He extended the school year from five to six months and improved the quality of 
teachers by instituting teacher education and raising teacher salaries. Although these changes did not bring 
about a sudden improvement in the educational system, they at least increased public awareness as to the need 
for a further strengthening of the system. 
Câu 1: The best title for the passage could be ______. 
A. Nineteenth - the Century of Reform 
B. A Flight for Change 
C. American Education in the Beginning of the 19th Century 
D. The Beginnings of Reform in American Education 
Câu 2: The passage implied that to go to a private school, a student needed ______. 
A. a high level of intelligence B. a lot of money 
C. good grades D. a strong educational background 
Câu 3: The word “desperately” in the passage mostly means ______. 
A. urgently B. obviously C. partly D. completely 
Câu 4: The author of the passage puts the word “waste” in quotation marks because he ______. 
A. does not want students to waste their time on education 
B. thinks that education is not really a waste of time 
C. wants to emphasize how much time is wasted on education 
D. is quoting someone else who said that education was a waste of time 
Câu 5: According to the passage, Horace Mann wanted a better educational system for Americans because 
______. 
A. education at the time was so cheap 
B. people had nothing else to do except go to school 
C. Massachusetts residents needed something to do with their spare time 
D. all citizens should be educated in a republic 
Câu 6: The word “reformers” in the passage mostly means ______. 
A. people who work for the government B. people who believe that education is wasted 
C. people who try to change things for the better D. people who really enjoy teaching 
Câu 7: The word “citizen” in the passage mostly means ______. 
A. a person who lives in a particular city 
B. a person who works, especially one who does a particular kind of work 
C. a person who works in a particular place 
D. a person who has the legal right to belong to a particular country 
Câu 8: From 1837 to 1848, Horace Mann ______. 
A. managed education in the state of Massachusetts 
B. raised money for the educational development in Massachusetts 
C. funded many projects to improve the educational system for Americans 
D. worked as a headmaster in a school in the state of Massachusetts 
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Câu 9: According to the passage, which sentence is NOT TRUE? 
A. Horace Mann suggested schools prepare children for their life’s work. 
B. Horace Mann began raising teachers’ salaries. 
C. Horace Mann was a famous US educational reformer. 
D. Horace Mann brought about changes in many schools in the United States. 
Câu 10: According to the passage, which of the following is a change that Horace Mann instituted? 
A. Better teacher training. B. The five-month school year. 
C. Increased pay for students. D. The matching of other districts’ policies. 
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 11 đến 20. 
Around the age of sixteen, you must make one of the biggest decisions of your life. “Do I stay on at school 
and hopefully go on to university (11)______? Do I leave and start work or begin a training (12)______?” 
The decision is yours, but it may be (13)______ remembering two things: there is more unemployment 
(14)______ those who haven’t been to university, and people who have the right (15)______ will have a big 
advantage in the competition for jobs. If you decide to go (16)______ into a job, there are many opportunities 
for training. Getting qualifications will (17)______ you to get on more quickly in many careers, and evening 
classes allow you to learn (18)______ you earn. Starting work and taking a break to study when you are older 
is (19)______ possibility. In this way, you can save up money for your student days, as well as (20)______ 
practical work experience. 
Câu 11: A. former B. past C. after D. later 
Câu 12: A. class B. course C. school D. term 
Câu 13: A. useful B. necessary C. important D. worth 
Câu 14: A. of B. among C. through D. between 
Câu 15: A. habits B. arts C. skills D. interests 
Câu 16: A. direct B. instant C. straight D. just 
Câu 17: A. make B. give C. let D. help 
Câu 18: A. what B. while C. which D. where 
Câu 19: A. always B. again C. another D. also 
Câu 20: A. getting B. doing C. making D. taking 
Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với ba từ còn lại trong mỗi 
câu. 
Câu 21: A. writer B. final C. widow D. ivory 
Câu 22: A. passed B. threatened C. cleared D. managed 
Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ/ cụm từ có gạch chân cần phải sửa để các câu sau trở thành 
câu đúng. 
Câu 23: It is time the government helped the unemployment to find some jobs. 
 A B C D 
Câu 24: Due of the government’s policy, some farming areas have been abandoned. 
 A B C D 
Câu 25: My mother doesn’t care how much does the washing machine cost because she 
 A B C 
is going to buy it anyway. 
 D 
Câu 26: The British national anthem, calling “God Save the Queen”, was a traditional song in 
 A B C D 
the 18th century. 
Câu 27: Nora hardly never misses an opportunity to play in the tennis tournaments. 
 A B C D 
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Chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với câu có nghĩa gần nhất với mỗi câu cho sẵn sau đây. 
Câu 28: She usually drinks a glass of milk before going to bed every night. 
A. She is used to going to bed before drinking a glass of milk every night. 
B. She gets accustomed to a glass of milk before going to bed every night. 
C. She used to drink a glass of milk before going to bed every night. 
D. She is used to drinking a glass of milk before going to bed every night. 
Câu 29: I can’t help feeling worried about Tom. 
A. I cannot help Tom stop worrying. B. I find it impossible not to worry about Tom. 
C. I can do nothing to help Tom. D. I don’t worry about Tom. 
Câu 30: We were all surprised when she suddenly came back. 
A. All of us were amazing to see her come back. 
B. The fact that we were surprised made her come back. 
C. She was surprised, coming back suddenly. 
D. All of us found it surprising that she suddenly came back. 
Câu 31: Because she was irritated by her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him. 
A. Irritated by her husband, she punctually left him. 
B. Irritating with her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him. 
C. Being irritating by her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him. 
D. She left her husband because of her irritation with his lack of punctuality. 
Câu 32: Before we can judge a government’s success, we have to decide the criteria, such as unemployment, 
defense, or taxation. 
A. We cannot decide on criteria on unemployment, defense and taxation unless we have judged a 
government’s success. 
B. Unemployment, defense and taxation are the criteria upon which we can judge a government’s success. 
C. We should judge a government’s success on the basis of the following criteria: unemployment, defense 
and taxation. 
D. We cannot judge a government’s success without first deciding the relevant criteria, such as 
unemployment, defense or taxation. 
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 33 đến 42. 
Everyone wants to reduce pollution. But the pollution problem is (33)______ complicated as it is serious. It 
is complicated (34)______ much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. (35)______, exhaust from 
automobiles causes a large percentage of air pollution. But the automobile (36)______ transportation for 
millions of people. Factories discharge much (37)______ the material that pollutes the air and water, but 
factories give employment to a large number of people. 
Thus, to end (38)_______ greatly reduce pollution immediately, people would have to (39)______ using 
many things that benefit them. Most of the people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be 
(40)______ reduced in several ways. Scientists and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the (41)______ 
of pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that 
(42)______ businesses and traffic to stop, or to cut down on certain polluting activities. 
Câu 33: A. like B. less C. more D. as 
Câu 34: A. while B. because C. though D. so 
Câu 35: A. Like B. Specific C. Such as D. For example 
Câu 36: A. affords B. takes C. provides D. carries 
Câu 37: A. of B. with C. about D. for 
Câu 38: A. or B. and C. as well D. then 
Câu 39: A. go on B. start C. stop D. continue 
Câu 40: A. carefully B. unexpectedly C. little D. gradually 
Câu 41: A. number B. way C. amount D. figure 
Câu 42: A. request B. forbid C. require D. prevent 
Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có trọng âm chính nhấn vào âm tiết có vị trí khác với ba từ 
còn lại trong mỗi câu. 
Câu 43: A. factor B. process C. receive D. proper 
Câu 44: A. decision B. politics C. possession D. refusal 
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Câu 45: A. mathematics B. particular C. community D. authority 
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 46 đến 55. 
It is hard to think of a world without gas or electricity. Both are commonly used for lighting and heating 
today. We now can instantly flick a lighter or strike a match to make a flame. But it was not long ago that 
there were no such things as matches or lighters. To make fire, it was necessary to strike a piece of iron on flint 
for sparks to ignite some tinder. If the tinder was damp, or the flint old, you had to borrow some fire from a 
neighbor. 
We do not know exactly when or how people first used fire. Perhaps, many ages ago, they found that sticks 
would burn if they were dropped into some hole where melted lava from a volcano lay boiling. They brought 
the lighted sticks back to make their fire in a cave. Or, they may have seen trees catch fire through being struck 
by lightning, and used the trees to start their own fires. 
Gradually people learned they could start a fire without traveling far to find flames. They rubbed two pieces 
of wood together. This method was used for thousands of years. 
When people became used to making fires with which to cook food and stay warm at night, they found that 
certain resins or gums from trees burnt longer and brighter. They melted resins and dipped branches in the 
liquid to make torches that lit their homes at night. Iron stands in which torches used to be fixed can still be 
seen in old buildings of Europe. 
There was no lighting in city streets until gas lamps, and then electric lamps were installed. Boys ran about 
London at night carrying torches of burning material. They were called torch boys, or link boys, and earned a 
living by guiding visitors to friends’ houses at night. 
For centuries homes were lit by candles until oil was found. Even then, oil lamps were no more effective 
than a cluster of candles. We read about the splendors and marvels of ancient palaces and castles, but we 
forget that they must have been gloomy and murky places at night. 
Câu 46: The word “lighter” in the passage mostly means ______. 
A. a device that uses electricity, oil or gas to produce light 
B. the energy from the sun, a lamp, etc. that makes it possible to see things 
C. a hot bright stream of burning gas that comes from something that is on fire 
D. a small device that produces a flame for lighting cigarettes, etc. 
Câu 47: To make a fire in times just before the advent of matches, it was essential to have access to ______. 
A. a magnifying glass B. flint, iron and dry tinder 
C. a burning fire or to possess iron D. a burning fire or to possess flint 
Câu 48: The first fire used by people was probably obtained ______. 
A. by rubbing wood together B. by striking iron against flint 
C. from the sun’s heat through glass D. from heat or fire caused by nature 
Câu 49: Torches for lighting were made from ______. 
A. tree branches dipped in melted resins B. iron bars dipped in melted resins 
C. the wood of gum trees D. wooden poles dipped in oil 
Câu 50: Before the electric lamp was invented ______. 
A. oil lamps and then candles were used 
B. candles and then oil lamps were used 
C. candles and oil lamps appeared about the same time 
D. people did not use any form of lighting in their houses 
Câu 51: The word “splendors” in the passage mostly means ______. 
A. the beautiful and impressive features of a place 
B. wonderful things that have been achieved 
C. things that fill one with surprise and admiration 
D. places where a lot of people go on holiday 
Câu 52: Which sentence is NOT TRUE according to the passge? 
A. We can make a fire by striking a piece of iron on flint to ignite some tinder. 
B. A world is impossible without gas or electricity. 
C. We know exactly when and how people first used fire. 
D. Matches and lighters were invented not long ago. 
Câu 53: The word “gloomy” in the passage mostly means ______. 
A. full of light; having the natural light of day B. badly lit in a way that makes one feel sad 
C. containing a lot of white D. totally covered with darkness 
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Câu 54: What form of street lighting was used in London when link boys used to work there? 
A. Gas lighting. B. No lighting at all. C. Electric lighting. D. Oil lighting. 
Câu 55: The best title for the passage could be ______ . 
A. Different Types of Lamps B. The Advantages of Candles 
C. Prehistoric People and Fire D. Fire: Discovery and Uses 
Chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau. 
Câu 56: - “Has an announcement been made about the eight o’clock flight to Paris?” 
 - “ _______.” 
A. Yes, it was B. Not yet C. I don’t think that D. Sorry, I don’t 
Câu 57: He looks thin, but ______ he is very healthy. 
A. practically B. actually C. consequently D. also 
Câu 58: I ______ this letter around for days without looking at it. 
A. have been carrying B. am carrying C. carry D. will be carrying 
Câu 59: If you are not Japanese, so what _______ are you? 
A. nation B. national C. nationalized D. nationality 
Câu 60: - “________ detective stories?” 
 - “In my opinion, they are very good for teenagers.” 
A. How about B. What do people feel about 
C. What do you think about D. Are you fond of 
Câu 61: If people ______ after their houses properly, the police wouldn’t have so much work to do. 
A. should look B. have looked C. looked D. look 
Câu 62: The window was so high up that ______ I could see was the sky. 
A. only B. just C. thus D. all 
Câu 63: The ______ reason why I don’t want to move is that I’m perfectly happy here. 
A. great B. large C. main D. big 
Câu 64: I’ve just been told some ______ news. 
A. astonishing B. astonished C. astonishment D. astonish 
Câu 65: Don’t worry. He’ll do the job as _______ as possible. 
A. uneconomically B. economic C. economically D. economizing 
Câu 66: Be ______ with what you have got, Mary. 
A. suspicious B. interested C. satisfied D. humorous 
Câu 67: - “Would you mind lending me your bike?” 
 - “ ______ .” 
A. Great B. Not at all C. Yes. Here it is D. Yes, let’s 
Câu 68: The manager had his secretary ______ the report for him. 
A. to have typed B. typed C. type D. to type 
Câu 69: ______ entering the hall, he found everyone waiting for him. 
A. At B. During C. With D. On 
Câu 70: He arrived late, ______ was annoying. 
A. which B. that C. what D. it 
Câu 71: Take the number 5 bus and get ______ at Times Square. 
A. off B. outside C. down D. up 
Câu 72: It was not until she had arrived home ______ remembered her appointment with the doctor. 
A. that she B. she C. and she D. when she had 
Câu 73: They would ______ go by air than travel by train. 
A. always B. better C. rather D. prefer 
Câu 74: I would really ______ your help with this assignment. 
A. appreciate B. respect C. take D. thank 
Câu 75: Can you keep calm for a moment? You ______ noise in class! 
A. are always made B. are always making C. have always made D. always make 
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Chọn nhóm từ hoặc mệnh đề thích hợp (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau. 
Câu 76: There were two small rooms in the beach house, ______ served as a kitchen. 
A. the smallest of which B. the smaller of them C. smallest of that D. the smaller of which 
Câu 77: John’s score on the test is the highest in the class. He ______. 
A. must have to study well B. should study very hard 
C. must have studied very hard D. should have studied all the time 
Câu 78: _______, they would have had what they wanted. 
A. Unless they arrived at the fair early enough B. Had they arrived at the fair early 
C. If they arrived at the fair early D. Supposing they were arriving at the fair early 
Câu 79: John contributed fifty dollars, but he wishes he could contribute ______. 
A. another fifty B. more fifty dollars C. the same amount also D. one other fifty dollars 
Câu 80: He agreed to sign the contract ______. 
A. in spite he knew much about it 
B. although he didn’t know much about that company 
C. so he didn’t know much about that company 
D. because he didn’t know much about that company’s director 
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