Giáo án Tiếng Anh 9 - Unit 4: Learning aforeign language

I) Vocabulary:

-examiner (n) ig'z“min” người chấm thi

Aspect (n) '“spekt khía cạnh; mặt

Attend [”'tend dự, có mặt

Coming :sắp tới, sắp đến

Oral examination : kì thi vấn đáp

Written examination : kì thi viết

Candidate (n) 'k“ndidit người dự thi; thí sinh

 

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Unit 4: Learning aforeign language
I) Vocabulary:
-examiner (n) ig'z“min” người chấm thi
Aspect (n) '“spekt khía cạnh; mặt
Attend [”'tend dự, có mặt
Coming :sắp tới, sắp đến
Oral examination : kì thi vấn đáp
Written examination : kì thi viết
Candidate (n) 'k“ndidit người dự thi; thí sinh
In the end : cuối cùng
Scholarship 'sk˜l”‘ip học bổng
Reputation repju:'tei‘n danh tiếng
Experience trải qua, kinh qua, nếm mùi
Institus viện, học viện
Improve cải tiến, cải thiện
Useful hữu ích, có ích, giúp ích; có thể được dùng cho một mục đích 
Available ”'veil”bl sẵn có để dùng
Well- qualified : 
Offer (v) lời đề nghị
Beginer/ intermediate/ advanced level : sơ cấp , trung cấp, cao cấp
II) Grammar
1.Modal verb with IF.
Ex: If you eat all your dinner, you can have a chocolate. ( Chỉ sự cho phép, can)
If he doesn’t come soon, he might miss the train ( chỉ khả năng cs thể xảy ra, may , might , could)
You must do your homework if you want to go out. ( chỉ sự bắt buộc) must/ have to 
If you want to loose weight, you should do a lot of exercise. ( dùng để chỉ lời khuyên) should / ought to
Form : 
IF – clause
Main clause
- the present tense
 Modal verb + V ( infinitive)
 Can/ could/ may/ might 
I / Match the column A with column B to complete the sentences
A
B
1. If you want to be better, you should _____
2. If the suitcases are too heavy, I can _____
3. If you want to pass the next exam, you must ___
4. If you want to lose weight, you should _____
5. You have to ___ after each meal if you want to have healthy teeth
6. You ought to ____ if you want to be healthy
7. If you don’t learn the lessons carefully, you can ____
8. If you want to go to town, I can ____
9. You must ____ if you want to play computer games
10. If he is taller, he can _____
a. stay in bed
b. study harder
c. give you a gift
d. help you carry them
e. go on diet
f. do exercises every morning
g. not do the test well
h. play basketball
i. brush your teeth
j. finish your homework
II- Give the correct forms of these verbs :
1-	If he (have) .......................................... free time, he will go swimming.
2-	If you (come) ................................................ into his garden, the dog will bite you.
3-	If I have much money, I (buy) ................................................ a new car.
4-	They will take him to the movies if he (come) ........................................... there.
5-	If you (heat) .............................................. ice, it (turn) ......................... to water.
6-	If you (see) ................................................... him, tell him to write to me.
7-	Don’t go out if the wind (be) ....................... strong.
8-	If it (not rain) .......................... tonight, I wll go to the theater.
9-	He (write) ............................... to her if she writes to him.
10-	If the test (do) ................................... well, my parents will take me to Hanoi.
11-	If the weather (be) ....................... cool, the bananas won’t spoil.
12-	This car (buy)............................... if it is cheap.
13-	If you (see) .................................... her today, please ask her to call me.
14-	If they know your addresses, they (meet)....................................... you.
15-Where .............. you (go) ................ next week if you (have)............. a car
2.Reported speech.
	eg:	+ Tom said: “I am feeling ill”
	Tom said (that) he was feeling ill.
1. When we use reported speech, the main verb of the sentence is usually past.
	+ I told her (that) I didn’t have any money.
2. In general, the present form in direct speech changes to the past form.
	eg:	+ “ My parents are very well” - Ba said that his parents were .
	+ “I am going to learn to drive” - He said (that) he was 
	+ “I can’t come to the party” - He said (that) he could not come to 
3. The past simple (did / saw / knew ... ) can usually stay the same in reported speech or you can change it to the past perfect.
	eg: 	+ Tom said “I woke up feeling ill, so I didn’t go to work”.
	+ Tom said (that) he woke up feeling ill, so he didn’t go to work.
	+ Tom said (that) he had woken up . , so he hadn’t gone .
4. If you report st and it is still true, you don’t need to change the verb 
	eg: 	+ Tom said “New York is more lively than Lon don”.
	- Tom said that New York is more lively than Lon Don .
	- An said that she wants to go to New York next year.
5. tell / ask sb to do / not to do st
	eg: 	+ “Stay in bad for a few days ,the doctor said to me”. The doctor told 	me to stay in bed for a few days.
	- “Please don’t tell anybody what happened” Ann said to me.
	- Ann asked me not to tell anybody what (had) happened.
REPORTED SPEECH
Reported speech refers to using a noun clause to report what someone has said. No quotations marks are used. Verb forms also change from direct speech to reported speech as follow.
DIRECT SPEECH
a) She said, “I watch TV every day.”
b) She said, “I am watching TV.”
c) She said, “I have watched TV.”
d) She said, “I watched TV.”
e) She said, “I will watch TV.”
f) She said, “I am going to watch TV.”
g) She said, “I can watch TV.”
h) She said, “I may watch TV.”
i) She said, “I might watch TV.”
j) She said, “I must watch TV.”
k) She said, “I have to watch TV.”
l) She said, “I should watch TV.”
m) She said, “I ought to watch TV.”
n) She said, “Watch TV.”
o) She said, “Do you watch TV?”
REPORTED SPEECH
à She said (that) she watched TV every day.
à She said she was watching TV.
à She said she had watched TV.
à She said she had watched TV.
 (or: She said she watched TV.)
à She said she would watch TV.
à She said she was going to watch TV.
à She said she could watch TV.
à She said she might watch TV.
à She said she might watch TV.
à She said she had to watch TV.
à She said she had to watch TV.
à She said she should watch TV.
à She said she ought to watch TV.
à She told me to watch TV.
à She asked (me) if I watched TV.
Direct speech: 
She said, “Watch TV.”
Reported speech:
She told me to watch TV.
If the reporting verb (e.g said) is in the past, the verb in the noun clause will usually also be in a past form.
In reported speech, an imperative is changed to an infinitive. Tell is used instead of say as the reporting verb. 
Direct speech
Inderect/ Reported speech
 a) Statement
“ We like organges “
They said ( that) They liked oranges”
b) Yes/ No Questions
“ Are you a teacher ?” He asked me
“ Did you go to school yesterday, Lan” he said
He asked me IF/ Whether I was a teacher.
He wondered/ wanted to know IF/ whether Lan had gone to the school the day before.
c) WH- Questions
“Why are you late?” He asked me
“ Where does she live” He wanted to know
He asked me Why I was late.
He wanted to know Where she lived.
. Complete the table.
Direct speech
Rported speech
TIME
now
today
tonight
tomorrow
yesterday
last night
two days ago
Then/immediately
that day
that night.
the next/ the following day
the day before/ the previous day
the night before
two day before/earlier
PLACE
here
there
DEMOSTRATIVE HEAD
this
these
that
that.
 *Động từ tường thuật
- Tell : đòi hỏi phải có tân ngữ để chỉ người nghe.
EX: He told me that he was late for class.
I told Mary that I didn’t like milk.
-Đối với động từ SAY , chúng ta không cần đề cập đến người nghe.
He said that he was late for class
I said that I didn’t like milk
- ASK hoặc Wanted to know hoặc WONDERED được dùng đẻ tường thuật lại câu hỏi
I / Supply the correct verb form
1. She asked me whether I (buy) _____ that car
2. She asked him where he (be) ____ from
3. They said that they (sell) ____ their house
4. I asked them if they (pass) ____ the final exam
5. I asked him if he (can) ____ help me
6. She said to me that she (sell) that car the following day
7. He asked me where I (go) ___ the previous day
8. The teacher asked her why she (not do) ____ the test
9. I asked her if she (pass) ____ the final exam
10. They asked him if he (must) ____ go then
II- Rewrite each sentences, using Reported Speech :
1-	“I will go to China next year.” Minh said.
	....................................................................................................................................
2-	Lan said, “I like learning English.”
	....................................................................................................................................
3-	Peter said to me, “I will go to the movies with you.”
	....................................................................................................................................
4-	Miss Nga said, “I love these sunflowers.”
	....................................................................................................................................
5-	Tom said to her, “I can’t help to you to do this test.”
	....................................................................................................................................
6-	They said, “We are doing the exercises now.”
	....................................................................................................................................
7-	Daisy’s father said to her, “I will give you a new bike.”
	....................................................................................................................................
8-	They said to him, “It is raining, so we can’t go out for a walk.”
	....................................................................................................................................
9-	Tom said, “I must leave now.”
	....................................................................................................................................
10-	She said, “I won’t buy this car because it is very old.”
	....................................................................................................................................
11-	“Do you like classical music ?” He asked me.
	....................................................................................................................................
12-	The man asked her, “Where are you from ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
13-	He asked them, “Why do you come home late ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
14-	She asked me, “Will you go with me ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
15-	Peter asked, “Can I play video games, Daddy ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
16-	The teacher asked Long, “How old are you ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
17-	“What are you doing now ?” Mary asked Tom.
	....................................................................................................................................
18-	My mother asked me, “Why don’t you clean your room ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
19-	I asked him, “Which grade are you in ?”
	....................................................................................................................................
–Mrs. White asked him, “How do you go to your school ?”
.................................................................................................................................
PRACTICE
I- Choose the word in each group that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest :
1-	a. experience	b. except	c. excellent	d. exchange
2-	a. union	b. unit	c. until	d. university
3-	a. campus	b. relax	c. locate	d. fashion
4-	a. qualify	b. baggy	c. grocery	d. scenery
5-	a. cried	b. published	c. ordered	d. sprayed
III- Pick out the word that is of different topic from the others :
1-	A. television	B. foreigner	C. channel	D. broadcast
2-	A. laugh	B. walk 	C. shout	D. cry
3-	A. novel	B. dictionary	C. textbook	D. dormitory
4-	A. library	B. magazine	C. machine	D. librarian
5-	A. relatives	B. areas	C. districts	D. villages
IV- Fill in the blank space with the correct from of the words in parentheses :
1-	This school has excellent .............................................................. (repute)
2-	We often take part in many ....................................... activities at school. (culture)
3-	If you want to ............................................ your English, we can help you. (improvement)
4-	We have well-........................................................... teachers. (qualify)
5-	Please phone this number for more ................................................ (inform)
6-	I want to ................................... for selling my house. (advertisement)
7-	He is an ............................................................ of the Vietnam News. (edition)
8-	This book is not.......................................................(avail)
9-	This shirt costs ..................................................... 79,000 VND. (approximate)
10-	He .......................................... answered these questions. (exact)
11-	They enjoy talking to ........................................................ in English . (foreign)
12-	He is having a ............................................................ time on the beach. (wonder)
13-	Hung is a young teacher, but he is very ......................................... (experience)
14-	You should write a letter of ....................................... to that institute. (inquire)
15-	That child must be .......................................... when he open that door. (carelessly)
I / Fill in each gap with one suitable preposition:
Dear Sir,
I saw your advertisement (1) ____ English classes (2) ____ Sunflower magazine and I am interested (3) ____ coming (4) ____ your Foreign Language Center this simmer
I have learnt English (5) ____ two years but I have never been (6) ___ England and I feel that it is now necessary, especially to improve my pronunciation. Could you please send me more information (7) ____ your courses and an application form? I would also like some information about accommodation. I can do your test (8) ___ attending your course id necessary
I look forward (9) ____ hearing (10) ____ you as soon as possible
Yours faithfully, 
 J. B. John
Complete the conversation
a. At new Method College
b. Two years ago
c. Yes, I am. Probably next year
d. Ahmed, Alison and Victor
e. Yes, I do
f. English
g. I heard it was very good
h. Yes, they have to read some science books in English
i. It’s easy to get a better job
j. My parents speak English a lot at home
Peter:	What are you studying?
Daisy:	(1) ..
Peter:	Why do you think most people learn English?
Daisy:	(2) ..
Peter:	Do you like learning English?
Daisy:	(3) ..
Peter:	Are you going to visit Britain?
Daisy:	(4) ..
Peter:	When did you start learning English?
Daisy:	(5) ..
Peter:	How did you learn to speak English so well?
Daisy:	(6) ..
Peter:	Who else is in your English class?
Daisy:	(7) ..
Peter:	Are they learning English for their study?
Daisy:	(8) ..
Peter:	Where are you studying?
Daisy:	(9) ..
Peter:	Why did you choose that college?
Daisy:	(10) ..

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